THE MIDI ASSOCIATION (TMA)The community of people who work, play and create with MIDI The MIDI Association’s mission is to nurture an inclusive global community of people who create music and art with MIDI. The www.MIDI.org website is the central repository of information about anything related to MIDI technology, from classic legacy gear to next-... gen protocols on the horizon. More

MIDI History:Chapter 1- 850 AD to 1850 AD

MIDI History:Chapter 1-                     850 AD to 1850 AD
To really understand the origins of MIDI, you need to go all the way back to before there were digitally controlled synthesizers and computers, In fact you need to go back before there was even electricity to the very first mechanical music machines. The very first mechanical musical instruments were documented in the Book of Ingenious Devices...
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MIDI History:Chapter 2-Player Pianos 1850-1930

By Daderot (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

The golden age of mechanical music machines really came in the late 19th century and early 20th century with player pianos and orchestrions.  A player piano is defined as any actual acoustic piano that is played by a pneumatic or electro-mechanical mechanism that operates the piano action via pre-programmed music. 

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