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  Saturday, 15 October 2022
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Hi. Does the midi protocol establish how the controllers reduce the key velocity to a value from 0 to 127? or does each controller do it differently?
Thank you
Andrea set the type of the post as  Admin Post — 3 months ago
3 months ago
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#16286
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There are various methods. But the most common method is that under each key are 2 switches at different heights. As the key moves down, the time between the 2 switches closing is used to determine the velocity. This is not defined by MIDI, just a common design solution.
Mike.
3 months ago
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#16289
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Mike thank you. This information is also important to me, but the thing I wanted to ask is what happens next. That is, what kind of mathematical function brings this potentially unlimited value back to an integer from 0 to 127. Can you help me? thank you
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The General MIDI 2 specification says that "The velocity effect on volume is not defined". But it does define the response to the Channel Volume and Expression controllers as dB = 40 × log₁₀ (127 / velocity). (Many devices allow to select different velocity response curves.)

The DLS specification defines the response to Velocity, Volume, and Expression as dB = 20 × log₁₀ (127² / velocity²):
concave-transform.png
3 months ago
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#16293
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The only thing that the MIDI specifiaction says about Note On velocity is this:

"Preferably, application of velocity to volume should be an exponential function."

Additionally, I should add that, Note On velocity is from 1 to 127, Note On velocity zero is a Note Off command.
3 months ago
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#16294
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Thank you all, but I see that I can't make the point understand: i don't need a velocity to db formula, i need a m / s to velocity formula. If the midi defines it.
3 months ago
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#16295
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There is no such information in the MIDI specification.

You can download the specification from the "Specs" section youself, and take a look at the "Complete MIDI 1.0 Detailed Specification" available in .pdf form,
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