Official MIDI Specifications

Protocol

The MIDI 2.0 Protocol is an extension of the MIDI 1.0 Protocol. Architectural concepts and semantics remain the same as MIDI 1.0. Compatibility for translation to/from the MIDI 1.0 Protocol is given high priority in the design of the MIDI 2.0 Protocol.

Compared to the MIDI 1.0 Protocol, MIDI 2.0 Protocol messages have extended data resolution for all Channel Voice Messages. New properties have been added to some Channel Voice Messages, and new Channel Voice Messages have been added with greatly improved Per-Note control and much more musical expression.
M2-101-UM_v1-1_MIDI-CI_Specification
MIDI-CI defines an architecture that allows Devices with bidirectional communication to agree to use extended MIDI capabilities beyond those defined in MIDI 1.0, while carefully protecting backward compatibility. MIDI-CI features “fall back” mechanisms so that if a Device does not support new features MIDI continues to work as defined by MIDI 1.0. Goals of MIDI-CI design:
Fully backward compatible: supports continued MIDI 1.0 functionality for any Devices that do not recognize extended MIDI features enabled by MIDI-CI.
  1. Allow easy configuration between MIDI-CI Devices.
  2. Sender can know the capabilities of a Receiver.
  3. Sender and Receiver can negotiate auto-configuration details
  4. Define method for negotiating choice of Protocol between Devices.
  5. Define method for using Profiles.
  6. Define method for Discovering, Getting, and Setting a wide range of Device Properties. 
M2-104-UM_v1-0_UMP_and_MIDI_2-0_Protocol_Specification
This Specification defines two major extensions to the MIDI 1.0 Protocol:
  • Universal MIDI Packet (UMP) Format
    UMP can contain all MIDI 1.0 Protocol messages and all MIDI 2.0 Protocol messages in a single, common container definition with a payload format which is intended to be usable in (or easily adaptable for) any standardized or proprietary data transport.
  • MIDI 2.0 Protocol
    The MIDI 2.0 Protocol is an extension of the MIDI 1.0 Protocol. Architectural concepts and semantics remain the same as MIDI 1.0. Compatibility for translation to/from the MIDI 1.0 Protocol is given high priority in the design of the MIDI 2.0 Protocol.